About Endoscopy

July 22nd, 2008 1 Comment

Endoscopy is a new technique allows surgeons to perform operations without having to cut open the body. But it is neither cheap nor widely available everywhere. World Laparoscopy Hospital, Gurgaon, India offer a structured training program in endoscopy which is fully dedicated for scientific endoscopic training. The detail about this institute can be found at the website of World Laparoscopy Hospital.

The first endoscope, of a kind, was developed in 1806 by Philip Bozzini with his introduction of a Lichtleiter endoscope for the examinations of the canals and cavities of the human body. However, the Vienna Medical Society disapproved of such curiosity. An endoscope was first introduced into a human in 1822 by William Beaumont, an army surgeon at Mackinac Island, Michigan. The use of electric light was a major step in the improvement of endoscopy.

Endoscopy, is a non-invasive procedure of introducing very thin fibre-optic wires inside a patient’s body through natural orifices. It is not new in India now. It’s been some years since endoscopy was first used in our country for looking into complaints like gastrointestinal or gynaecological problems. But the latest strides in endoscopic surgery, where the endoscope introduced in the body is fitted with another application to perform NOTES.

There are many types of endoscopes. Each one is named according to the organs or areas they are used to examine.

For example:

  • Arthroscope: Used to look directly at the joints
  • Bronchoscope: Used to look at the lungs
  • Cystoscope: Used to view the inside of the bladder
  • Laparoscope: Used to look directly at the ovaries, appendix, or other abdominal organs

An endoscope is passed through a natural body opening or a small incision. For example, a laparoscope is inserted through small surgical cuts in the pelvic or belly area. In men, a urinary tract endoscope is passed through the opening of the urethra. A gastrointestinal endoscope may be inserted through the mouth or anus. An ultrasound probe can be added to a gastrointestinal endoscope. This is called an endoscopic ultrasound. Depending on the area of interest, this device can also be passed through the mouth or anus.